Posted by Nancy S. Loving, DVM | Jan 1, 2009 | Anthrax, Article, Botulism & Shaker Foal, Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE), Equine Herpesvirus (EHV), Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA), Foal Care, Influenza, Potomac Horse Fever, Rabies, Rotavirus, Strangles, Tetanus, Vaccinations, West Nile Virus (WNV), Western Equine Encephalitis (WEE). HERPESVIRUS OR RHINOPNEUMONITIS Equine herpesvirus (EHV-1 and EHV-4) can cause respiratory problems (this disease expression is known as rhinopneumonitis). This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Rabies: 2-dose series: 1st dose at 6 months of age. Sellon weighs in: “Strangles IN vaccine is used in horses at risk of exposure to strangles. (For more information see article #10688 at TheHorse.com.) We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. “While the antibodies in the mare’s colostrum provide a foal with early protection against infectious diseases,” she says, “those same antibodies can also inhibit the foal’s own immune system from ‘learning’ from a vaccine and developing its own immunity to disease. A foal’s first-year immunizations begin as a series of two to three injections (depending on the product), followed by boosters once or twice a year. Following a primary series, veterinarians administer strangles vaccines once or twice annually in high-risk areas. Horses typically don’t get vaccinations until they are several months old, depending on their needs. Horses, especially those over three years old, should be treated as individuals and not according to … Some vaccinations are given as a combination, such as the DHLPPC, which helps protect against distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parainfluenza, parvo and corona. endobj 2nd dose 4 - 6 weeks after 1st dose. She has also authored the books Go the Distance as a resource for endurance horse owners, Conformation and Performance, and First Aid for Horse and Rider in addition to many veterinary articles for both horse owner and professional audiences. See more ideas about Horse worming schedule, Horse health, Horse care. Ensure that your horse receives his core vaccines annually, along with any other vaccines against diseases for which there is a high risk in your area, and make sure he gets his boosters. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Stay up-to-date on the latest news about your horse's health with FREE newsletters from TheHorse.com. The reader is … Spring heralds more riding and transport, so schedule your horse’s annual spring veterinary checkup. Rabies vaccine is labeled to be given once a year, but Scollay says if you have concerns about a specific horse’s immunity, it would be appropriate to consider a series of two vaccinations. (For more information see article #10215 at TheHorse.com.). By the last month of gestation, the pregnant broodmare should be toward the end of her series of primary immunizations or boosters against all “core” diseases and those specific to your general area for which she’s at high risk. TETANUS Horses spend a lot of time around dirt/manure, so they are at particular risk for contamination of even the smallest wound with Clostridium tetani spores. The vaccination program appropriate for an individual horse or herd needs to take into account things such as age, sex, geographic location, use of the horse, pregnancy status and risk for developing the disease. The AAEP and the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) describe core vaccines as those “that protect from diseases that are endemic (prevalent with a high rate of occurrence) to a region, those with potential public health significance, required by law, virulent or highly infectious, and/or those posing a risk of severe disease.” These include: tetanus, West Nile virus (WNV), Eastern and Western encephalomyelitis (EEE and WEE), and rabies. We highly recommend Equimax (for tapeworms) at least once yearly. INFLUENZA VIRUS Horses that travel or encounter horses that have been traveling are at an increased risk of exposure to equine influenza virus. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. BOTULISM This fatal neurotoxic disease disease is caused by Clostridium botulinum. Vaccinate adult horses in these areas based on a veterinarian’s recommendation. As a consequence, it is strongly recommended that all foals be dewormed initially at 1 to 2 months of age. Will need to use cattle vaccines labeled safe for sheep and goats. STRANGLES Available vaccines do not protect entirely against Streptococcus equi-caused disease, and there are controversies surrounding its use in some animals. No issues or vices. Cough, runny nose, or fever can be readily apparent, but EHV can be latent (hidden) in the horse, meaning it sits in the lymphatic tissue without producing any proteins and, therefore, the horse does not “respond” to it. One of the brightest spots of equine medical care for horses is the availability of many safe and effective vaccines to protect horses from infectious and noninfectious diseases. Traditional de-worming strategies in horses, consisting of rotating the different dewormers at regular intervals, were developed more than 40 years ago and were very effective against Strongylus vulgaris (large strongyle), the most important parasite in horses at the time. Stage of production. Collaborate with your veterinarian to tailor the best strategy for your horse, based on exposure and risk. She says, “I don’t know if this benefits in terms of developing better immunity, but I do think the horses are more comfortable with less localized muscle soreness and general ‘punkishness.’ ”. With dedication to educating owners and a focus on providing the best possible medical care in the area, our team provides full field service for your horses 24/7. This is the time of year your horse should be well-protected against respiratory viruses, specifically influenza and the respiratory form of herpesvirus (rhinopneumonitis). Vaccines are an important part of your horse's preventative health program. Serum Profile Matters in Blood-Based Equine Joint Treatments, Accurate, Stall-Side Equine Progesterone and IgG Tests Now Available from TargetVet, Study: Straw-Hay Mix Helps Ponies Lose Weight Safely, Northeast Association of Equine Practitioners Symposium 2019, International Society for Equitation Science 2019, Podotrochlosis: ‘Navicular’ is No Longer the End of the Road for Horses, Core Vaccination: Protecting Horses From 5 Deadly Diseases. Luckily, there are three vaccines against WNV–all are safe and have demonstrated good efficacy. Sellon counsels, “All breeding operations, large and small, should have in place reasonable biosecurity plans to decrease the chance of accidental introduction of the disease on the premises. Vaccination for rotavirus should never be considered as a replacement for this type of husbandry.”. POTOMAC HORSE FEVER (PHF) This is a diarrheal disease (and occasional cause of abortion) caused by the organism Neorickettsia risticii. DEC/JAN/FEB: During the winter months, not much needs to be considered in the way of vaccinations unless a horse will be traveling to an area with diseases for which he would be at high risk and has not yet been immunized. Get your free printable Worming Schedule here. JUNE/JULY/AUG: In the summer months you’ll want to make sure your horse is protected against all the necessary insect-related diseases for which there are vaccinations. 3 0 obj Discuss your individual needs with your veterinarian. Horses are infected by ingesting infected insects derived from aquatic environments. Most times this vaccine is used to protect breeding stallions, mares with planned breeding to a known infected stallion, and nonbreeding horses in the event of an outbreak. Annual boosters are required thereafter (must be given within 365 days of previous injection). We recommend that during the first twelve months of life the foal be dewormed every 30 days. Recommended Vaccine and Health Management Schedule for Sheep and Goats. 4 0 obj Vaccination schedule Puppies receive most of their vaccinations every two to four weeks until they are at least 14 weeks old. Vaccines against certain diseases are given based on anticipated degree of risk. Equine Physical Therapy: What Are Your Options? A primary series is followed by an annual booster. This way a foal receives colostral antibodies that provide resistance to rotavirus for the first 30 to 60 days. Vaccination can prevent the return of disease, suppress virus so it remains latent, and stop shedding in nasal secretions, limiting transmission to naïve horses. Boosters can be given at this time for WNV, EEE, and WEE in areas with mosquito seasons that extend into winter months. Beautiful and kind mare. “It is reasonable to assume that many of the horses that experience these benefits were initially infected as foals,” she notes. EQUINE VIRAL ARTERITIS This disease is encountered most commonly in the semen of an infected carrier stallion, yet it can be passed from horse to horse in respiratory secretions. Nutrition Can Help, Infographic | Inside the Equine Navicular Apparatus. lIndividual horses will often require different deworming programs, even if living in the same or similar environments. Booster at time of injury or surgery if greater than six months since last vaccination. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Clostridium perfringens types C and D and tetanus. Horse Care How to care for the basic health needs of horses Lameness Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of leg lameness Nutrition Proper … These are suggested guidelines to induce immunity in calves. Most experts agree that vaccination of horses with either IM (intramuscular) or IN vaccines, if they have a pre-existing high titer to the bacterial organism, is associated with an increased risk of adverse effects. Optional vaccines* Pregnant sheep and goats . Around four to six months of age, your foal is ready for its first vaccinations (if its dam had been vaccinated). Her book, All Horse Systems Go, is a comprehensive veterinary care and conditioning resource in full color that covers all facets of horse care. 1 0 obj Administer a three-vaccine series to a pregnant mare by the last month prior to foaling. AAEP guidelines are created simply to serve as guidelines for the practitioner and the equine industry. Additional Vaccine & Worming recommendations: Strangles Vaccine (aka distemper) – discuss this vaccine with your veterinarian to determine your horse’s risk. 2–4 weeks prior to lambing or kidding. If you continue to use the site, we'll assume you're okay with this. Stressors such as transport, weaning, castration, mixing of horses, or foaling can reactivate the virus, which the asymptomatic horse sheds in respiratory secretions. If you don’t know the mare’s vaccination status, you must assume she was both vaccinated and unvaccinated.”. The virus may not present any symptoms in carrier animals. Consider diagnostic testing to determine if the horse is harboring S. equi before vaccinating. The IN vaccine, which is (made with) modified-live bacteria, may cause abscesses, rarely. Scollay explains that foal vaccination timing is based on maternal antibody interference. Your horse may need additional vaccines if they show or travel, or are at risk for less common diseases. Base your decision to vaccinate for strangles on assessment of the potential risks (farm history, lots of horse traffic on and off farm) and benefits. x��]m��6��n��A��{Y$���I|��Kvoc$88��=��i�L����\��_���(����� �xT�S,�U�()y��䫯^}��_�I�ׯ���|�����7Yr��Y�4U��B�"���}���O/_$�~�u�����ܞ��7����a{�|x��p>�����o��W�|��7��a�޾���;�����B$�'��,��B�U�'�^��P�,���/>���u�zx��ωX�3y��/_|=ao��B�β�LJՍWV�Mm�z��3[���#ZI� OT�6��d��gvaYE&"O�a�0"/R�C�uZ�.߬��d}��n��B��.N|zI�HU�Nh���I��~X}���+��e�����Z��#�����'�3Y��пZ���?oo׵\7�+Î��W��E����>��L��6H��rhc1�q��|UY�6�������-����>��NWԪj��ᤌ� �H��. These are usually incorporated into the vaccine program at the time of the fall veterinary visit. endobj The 2007 Australian epidemic, in which thousands of unvaccinated horses were exposed to flu, displayed how readily the disease could spread. Vaccine and Deworming Schedule for Puppies up to 16 Weeks Old When Your Puppy is 8 Weeks Old At the age of 8 weeks, your puppy should get its first distemper / parvo combination vaccine, or 5-in-1 vaccine. Diseases covered. Disclaimer . The female pinworm deposits eggs around the anus, secreting a substance which can cause intense itching. Keep in mind the timing of your annual boosters, making sure the horse is protected during mosquito season. ANTHRAX This is a fatal disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, occurring in specific geographical locations where the spores remain in the soil for decades. Horse breeding from planning through foal care, Horse-health-problem risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, Design and maintain a healthy horse operation, Prevention and treatment for problems of the equine foot, How to care for the basic health needs of horses, Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of leg lameness, Proper feeding practices for foals, adult horses, and older horses, All aspects of caring for performance horses, News and issues for equine health professionals, Discussions about the welfare of our equine friends, Equine Ambulance Coming to Midwest Horse Fair. Equine influenza vaccine schedule: A primary course of two injections given between 21 and 92 days apart. Ideally, all horses in a group should receive vaccinations and be on the same schedule when possible. Timing. 2nd dose 4 - 6 weeks after 1st dose. Given that humans are constantly inserting their hands into horses’ mouths when placing a bit, checking age, floating teeth, or administering dewormers and paste medications, Scollay asks, “Why would you risk contracting a fatal disease from routine contact with a horse, especially when the disease can be effectively prevented?”. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Debra Sellon, DVM, PhD, Dipl. It is also time to give the puppy the first dewormer to eliminate intestinal parasites such as roundworm or hookworm. Always keep in mind that your veterinarian is the best person to advise you on the vaccinations needed for your particular horses and your area. In breeding situations where a horse is likely to be exposed to equine viral arteritis (EVA), this vaccine would also be included. Once the foal is one year of age the program should be changed to an adult deworming schedule. Horses living in states directly bordering Mexico might also receive an annual booster for Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE). Pregnant mares in high-risk areas should be receive a primary series at least four to six weeks prior to foaling to ensure transfer in colostral antibodies for the foal. Spring-born calves, however, will generally have cost-effective gains from mid-summer deworming. Mary Scollay, DVM, previous chair of the Infectious Disease Committee of the American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP), urges, “I would like to reinforce that the development of an effective vaccination program requires a partnership between the veterinarian and the horse owner. Tetanus Toxoid Annual (Spring) 4-6 weeks prior to foaling. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information. While references to deworming are made in this publication, a comprehensive discussion is not included. This tool will give you a customized immunization schedule for your horse and other critical vaccination guidelines. EHV-4 causes mostly respiratory disease, whereas EHV-1 can cause respiratory disease, abortion, or neurologic disease. Walk, trot, canter and learning to jump small…. Vaccination is not a substitute for other good management practices, and should be used in conjunction with proper nutrition, deworming, pasture management and minimizing stress and overcrowding for optimal results in each horse and herd. Vaccines are only one aspect of preventing disease; it is just as important to implement good horsekeeping and biosecurity strategies (see page 31 for more information) to minimize disease risk. endobj A regular rotational worming schedule has proven to be the best defense against internal parasites in horses. This vaccine is not necessary for other adult horses. Pinworm eggs are picked up by horses from contaminated feed, water, bedding, and may also be present on tail wraps, grooming materials, and even fence posts and stalls. Deworming calves at weaning is beneficial and should be included in a weaning program. Therefore, I always recommend a booster tetanus toxoid injection in horses with wounds or with plans to undergo surgery if it has been more than six months since that horse received its last booster injection.”. WEST NILE VIRUS This disease, which causes potentially fatal neurologic illness and is endemic in the lower 48 states, is carried by birds and transmitted by mosquitoes to horses. Examples of information that should be shared include how the horse is used, whether it travels, and what other animals is it likely to come in contact with.”. Vaccinating for EVA might also preclude a horse’s entry into some countries, as it is difficult to determine natural versus vaccine titers. Don’t start flu and rhino until 6 to 9 months of age, depending on the mare’s vaccination history. Deworming schedules (in general): lDeworm foals every two months, starting at 2 months of age, for the first year of their life or use protocol for daily deworming described above. Attachment 1: Deworming and Vaccination Schedule Table 1: Deworming Schedule for Wild Horses and Burros at Short-Term Holding Facilities Treatment Adult Older Than 1 Year Foals (Born in the Current Foaling Year) DeWorming Primary Dose Every 180 days Primary Dose Every 180 days or more frequent as facility conditions dictate. There are many effective equine flu vaccines, and a horse should receive two or more boosters a year (depending on which product is used), usually in the spring and fall, following the initial series of three injections and/or intranasal (IN) administration of certain products. Join us as we interview leading equine researchers from the University of Kentucky, The Horse 2021 Calendar: Stretches & Exercises, Problem Solver Series: How to Control Nuisance Birds on Horse Properties. Scollay gives the vaccinations in two sets, 10 to 14 days apart. The exception to this is horses with very high previous, especially if recent, exposure to strangles. At a Glance: MRI to Diagnose Equine Lameness. Together we can start a schedule that will work for you and your new horse. Other vaccinations are administered one at a time. SEPT/OCT/NOV: In the autumn months preparations are under way for winter. and has a special interest in managing the care of sport horses. ROTAVIRUS In the case of the diarrheal disease rotavirus, vaccinate the mare to protect the foal, especially if there have been previous problems with this disease on the farm or in the area. Fall-born calves should be included in a spring deworming program (sometimes 2 dewormings) based on the expected time of weaning and post-weaning management. Core Vaccinations protect against diseases that are endemic to a region, are virulent/highly contagious, pose a risk of severe disease, those having potential public health significance, and/or are required by law. stream Canine Hepatitis. ACVIM, a professor of equine medicine at Washington State University, suggests, “The tetanus toxoid is inexpensive and safe, and the disease is highly fatal. I recommend IM strangles vaccine for broodmares in the last 30 to 60 days of gestation if they or their foals are at risk of exposure. Deworming should be performed on every horse 2–6 times yearly depending upon your operation’s level of confinement. %PDF-1.5 A vaccine is available for C. botulinum type B, which is particularly useful to protect foals against shaker foal syndrome that have acquired botulism through ingestion of the spores. Foals should also receive this vaccine series in high-risk areas. 2 0 obj Vaccination is recommended for all horses and ponies on an annual basis. Immune protection for pregnant mares requires vaccination with EHV-1 vaccine specifically labeled for abortion protection. The IM vaccine often causes soreness, swelling, or potential abscesses at the vaccination site. All strangles vaccines have been associated with immune-mediated reactions, such as vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels) and myositis (inflammation of muscles). AAEP VACCINATION FOR FOALS Talk to your veterinarian about which risk-based vaccines are needed for your farm and geography. Washing the perianal region may help relieve the itching, but all materials used should be discard… Whether you have one horse or several, you’ll never miss a worming again with this handy horse worming chart. Determine how your horse fares with individual vaccine products, then try to minimize future adverse reactions. Your horse should receive, at the very least, Eastern and Western equine encephalomyelitis (EEE and WEE), West Nile virus (WNV), tetanus, and rabies vaccines (first three are spread via mosquitoes). 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foal deworming and vaccination schedule

The following vaccination schedule is adapted from AAEP core and risk-based vaccination guidelines for foals. The Horse’s experts answer your questions during a monthly live audio event. Healthy horses should be wormed every 6-8 weeks (minimum of six times a year) Most foals are born in the spring and will not receive EEE, WEE, WNV, and tetanus immunizations until 4 or 5 months of age or later. This generally means Kentucky and the mid- Atlantic region of the eastern United States.”. %���� At a Glance | The Good Drink: Keeping Horses Hydrated, Dynamic Endoscopy to Assess Airway Function. Genesee Valley Equine Clinic has provided ambulatory veterinary care to the horses of the Genesee Valley region for almost 60 years. Consult your veterinarian to establish an effective and safe deworming schedule for your mare. Nancy S. Loving, DVM, owns Loving Equine Clinic in Boulder, Colorado, An annual booster of tetanus toxoid in the spring is recommended. While any worm can affect your foal, the most significant parasites are ascarids, also known as roundworms. It is not a passive process. Most deworming agents available today are relatively safe for pregnant mares. The AAEP vaccination guidelines recommend at-risk horses be vaccinated for equine influenza and herpesvirus every six months, Stay on top of the most recent Horse Health news with, Located in Aiken SC. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Vaccinations for Adult Horses Core Vaccinations. Webcast | Horse Under Stress? Apr 9, 2018 - Explore Stefanie's board "Horse Worming Schedule" on Pinterest. Natural Disaster: Are You and Your Horse Ready for Emergency Evacuation? It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Their input will be valuable in developing your vaccination and deworming protocols. <> Posted by Nancy S. Loving, DVM | Jan 1, 2009 | Anthrax, Article, Botulism & Shaker Foal, Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE), Equine Herpesvirus (EHV), Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA), Foal Care, Influenza, Potomac Horse Fever, Rabies, Rotavirus, Strangles, Tetanus, Vaccinations, West Nile Virus (WNV), Western Equine Encephalitis (WEE). HERPESVIRUS OR RHINOPNEUMONITIS Equine herpesvirus (EHV-1 and EHV-4) can cause respiratory problems (this disease expression is known as rhinopneumonitis). This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Rabies: 2-dose series: 1st dose at 6 months of age. Sellon weighs in: “Strangles IN vaccine is used in horses at risk of exposure to strangles. (For more information see article #10688 at TheHorse.com.) We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. “While the antibodies in the mare’s colostrum provide a foal with early protection against infectious diseases,” she says, “those same antibodies can also inhibit the foal’s own immune system from ‘learning’ from a vaccine and developing its own immunity to disease. A foal’s first-year immunizations begin as a series of two to three injections (depending on the product), followed by boosters once or twice a year. Following a primary series, veterinarians administer strangles vaccines once or twice annually in high-risk areas. Horses typically don’t get vaccinations until they are several months old, depending on their needs. Horses, especially those over three years old, should be treated as individuals and not according to … Some vaccinations are given as a combination, such as the DHLPPC, which helps protect against distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parainfluenza, parvo and corona. endobj 2nd dose 4 - 6 weeks after 1st dose. She has also authored the books Go the Distance as a resource for endurance horse owners, Conformation and Performance, and First Aid for Horse and Rider in addition to many veterinary articles for both horse owner and professional audiences. See more ideas about Horse worming schedule, Horse health, Horse care. Ensure that your horse receives his core vaccines annually, along with any other vaccines against diseases for which there is a high risk in your area, and make sure he gets his boosters. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Stay up-to-date on the latest news about your horse's health with FREE newsletters from TheHorse.com. The reader is … Spring heralds more riding and transport, so schedule your horse’s annual spring veterinary checkup. Rabies vaccine is labeled to be given once a year, but Scollay says if you have concerns about a specific horse’s immunity, it would be appropriate to consider a series of two vaccinations. (For more information see article #10215 at TheHorse.com.). By the last month of gestation, the pregnant broodmare should be toward the end of her series of primary immunizations or boosters against all “core” diseases and those specific to your general area for which she’s at high risk. TETANUS Horses spend a lot of time around dirt/manure, so they are at particular risk for contamination of even the smallest wound with Clostridium tetani spores. The vaccination program appropriate for an individual horse or herd needs to take into account things such as age, sex, geographic location, use of the horse, pregnancy status and risk for developing the disease. The AAEP and the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) describe core vaccines as those “that protect from diseases that are endemic (prevalent with a high rate of occurrence) to a region, those with potential public health significance, required by law, virulent or highly infectious, and/or those posing a risk of severe disease.” These include: tetanus, West Nile virus (WNV), Eastern and Western encephalomyelitis (EEE and WEE), and rabies. We highly recommend Equimax (for tapeworms) at least once yearly. INFLUENZA VIRUS Horses that travel or encounter horses that have been traveling are at an increased risk of exposure to equine influenza virus. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. BOTULISM This fatal neurotoxic disease disease is caused by Clostridium botulinum. Vaccinate adult horses in these areas based on a veterinarian’s recommendation. As a consequence, it is strongly recommended that all foals be dewormed initially at 1 to 2 months of age. Will need to use cattle vaccines labeled safe for sheep and goats. STRANGLES Available vaccines do not protect entirely against Streptococcus equi-caused disease, and there are controversies surrounding its use in some animals. No issues or vices. Cough, runny nose, or fever can be readily apparent, but EHV can be latent (hidden) in the horse, meaning it sits in the lymphatic tissue without producing any proteins and, therefore, the horse does not “respond” to it. One of the brightest spots of equine medical care for horses is the availability of many safe and effective vaccines to protect horses from infectious and noninfectious diseases. Traditional de-worming strategies in horses, consisting of rotating the different dewormers at regular intervals, were developed more than 40 years ago and were very effective against Strongylus vulgaris (large strongyle), the most important parasite in horses at the time. Stage of production. Collaborate with your veterinarian to tailor the best strategy for your horse, based on exposure and risk. She says, “I don’t know if this benefits in terms of developing better immunity, but I do think the horses are more comfortable with less localized muscle soreness and general ‘punkishness.’ ”. With dedication to educating owners and a focus on providing the best possible medical care in the area, our team provides full field service for your horses 24/7. This is the time of year your horse should be well-protected against respiratory viruses, specifically influenza and the respiratory form of herpesvirus (rhinopneumonitis). Vaccines are an important part of your horse's preventative health program. Serum Profile Matters in Blood-Based Equine Joint Treatments, Accurate, Stall-Side Equine Progesterone and IgG Tests Now Available from TargetVet, Study: Straw-Hay Mix Helps Ponies Lose Weight Safely, Northeast Association of Equine Practitioners Symposium 2019, International Society for Equitation Science 2019, Podotrochlosis: ‘Navicular’ is No Longer the End of the Road for Horses, Core Vaccination: Protecting Horses From 5 Deadly Diseases. Luckily, there are three vaccines against WNV–all are safe and have demonstrated good efficacy. Sellon counsels, “All breeding operations, large and small, should have in place reasonable biosecurity plans to decrease the chance of accidental introduction of the disease on the premises. Vaccination for rotavirus should never be considered as a replacement for this type of husbandry.”. POTOMAC HORSE FEVER (PHF) This is a diarrheal disease (and occasional cause of abortion) caused by the organism Neorickettsia risticii. DEC/JAN/FEB: During the winter months, not much needs to be considered in the way of vaccinations unless a horse will be traveling to an area with diseases for which he would be at high risk and has not yet been immunized. Get your free printable Worming Schedule here. JUNE/JULY/AUG: In the summer months you’ll want to make sure your horse is protected against all the necessary insect-related diseases for which there are vaccinations. 3 0 obj Discuss your individual needs with your veterinarian. Horses are infected by ingesting infected insects derived from aquatic environments. Most times this vaccine is used to protect breeding stallions, mares with planned breeding to a known infected stallion, and nonbreeding horses in the event of an outbreak. Annual boosters are required thereafter (must be given within 365 days of previous injection). We recommend that during the first twelve months of life the foal be dewormed every 30 days. Recommended Vaccine and Health Management Schedule for Sheep and Goats. 4 0 obj Vaccination schedule Puppies receive most of their vaccinations every two to four weeks until they are at least 14 weeks old. Vaccines against certain diseases are given based on anticipated degree of risk. Equine Physical Therapy: What Are Your Options? A primary series is followed by an annual booster. This way a foal receives colostral antibodies that provide resistance to rotavirus for the first 30 to 60 days. Vaccination can prevent the return of disease, suppress virus so it remains latent, and stop shedding in nasal secretions, limiting transmission to naïve horses. Boosters can be given at this time for WNV, EEE, and WEE in areas with mosquito seasons that extend into winter months. Beautiful and kind mare. “It is reasonable to assume that many of the horses that experience these benefits were initially infected as foals,” she notes. EQUINE VIRAL ARTERITIS This disease is encountered most commonly in the semen of an infected carrier stallion, yet it can be passed from horse to horse in respiratory secretions. Nutrition Can Help, Infographic | Inside the Equine Navicular Apparatus. lIndividual horses will often require different deworming programs, even if living in the same or similar environments. Booster at time of injury or surgery if greater than six months since last vaccination. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Clostridium perfringens types C and D and tetanus. Horse Care How to care for the basic health needs of horses Lameness Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of leg lameness Nutrition Proper … These are suggested guidelines to induce immunity in calves. Most experts agree that vaccination of horses with either IM (intramuscular) or IN vaccines, if they have a pre-existing high titer to the bacterial organism, is associated with an increased risk of adverse effects. Optional vaccines* Pregnant sheep and goats . Around four to six months of age, your foal is ready for its first vaccinations (if its dam had been vaccinated). Her book, All Horse Systems Go, is a comprehensive veterinary care and conditioning resource in full color that covers all facets of horse care. 1 0 obj Administer a three-vaccine series to a pregnant mare by the last month prior to foaling. AAEP guidelines are created simply to serve as guidelines for the practitioner and the equine industry. Additional Vaccine & Worming recommendations: Strangles Vaccine (aka distemper) – discuss this vaccine with your veterinarian to determine your horse’s risk. 2–4 weeks prior to lambing or kidding. If you continue to use the site, we'll assume you're okay with this. Stressors such as transport, weaning, castration, mixing of horses, or foaling can reactivate the virus, which the asymptomatic horse sheds in respiratory secretions. If you don’t know the mare’s vaccination status, you must assume she was both vaccinated and unvaccinated.”. The virus may not present any symptoms in carrier animals. Consider diagnostic testing to determine if the horse is harboring S. equi before vaccinating. The IN vaccine, which is (made with) modified-live bacteria, may cause abscesses, rarely. Scollay explains that foal vaccination timing is based on maternal antibody interference. Your horse may need additional vaccines if they show or travel, or are at risk for less common diseases. Base your decision to vaccinate for strangles on assessment of the potential risks (farm history, lots of horse traffic on and off farm) and benefits. x��]m��6��n��A��{Y$���I|��Kvoc$88��=��i�L����\��_���(����� �xT�S,�U�()y��䫯^}��_�I�ׯ���|�����7Yr��Y�4U��B�"���}���O/_$�~�u�����ܞ��7����a{�|x��p>�����o��W�|��7��a�޾���;�����B$�'��,��B�U�'�^��P�,���/>���u�zx��ωX�3y��/_|=ao��B�β�LJՍWV�Mm�z��3[���#ZI� OT�6��d��gvaYE&"O�a�0"/R�C�uZ�.߬��d}��n��B��.N|zI�HU�Nh���I��~X}���+��e�����Z��#�����'�3Y��пZ���?oo׵\7�+Î��W��E����>��L��6H��rhc1�q��|UY�6�������-����>��NWԪj��ᤌ� �H��. These are usually incorporated into the vaccine program at the time of the fall veterinary visit. endobj The 2007 Australian epidemic, in which thousands of unvaccinated horses were exposed to flu, displayed how readily the disease could spread. Vaccine and Deworming Schedule for Puppies up to 16 Weeks Old When Your Puppy is 8 Weeks Old At the age of 8 weeks, your puppy should get its first distemper / parvo combination vaccine, or 5-in-1 vaccine. Diseases covered. Disclaimer . The female pinworm deposits eggs around the anus, secreting a substance which can cause intense itching. Keep in mind the timing of your annual boosters, making sure the horse is protected during mosquito season. ANTHRAX This is a fatal disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, occurring in specific geographical locations where the spores remain in the soil for decades. Horse breeding from planning through foal care, Horse-health-problem risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, Design and maintain a healthy horse operation, Prevention and treatment for problems of the equine foot, How to care for the basic health needs of horses, Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of leg lameness, Proper feeding practices for foals, adult horses, and older horses, All aspects of caring for performance horses, News and issues for equine health professionals, Discussions about the welfare of our equine friends, Equine Ambulance Coming to Midwest Horse Fair. Equine influenza vaccine schedule: A primary course of two injections given between 21 and 92 days apart. Ideally, all horses in a group should receive vaccinations and be on the same schedule when possible. Timing. 2nd dose 4 - 6 weeks after 1st dose. Given that humans are constantly inserting their hands into horses’ mouths when placing a bit, checking age, floating teeth, or administering dewormers and paste medications, Scollay asks, “Why would you risk contracting a fatal disease from routine contact with a horse, especially when the disease can be effectively prevented?”. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Debra Sellon, DVM, PhD, Dipl. It is also time to give the puppy the first dewormer to eliminate intestinal parasites such as roundworm or hookworm. Always keep in mind that your veterinarian is the best person to advise you on the vaccinations needed for your particular horses and your area. In breeding situations where a horse is likely to be exposed to equine viral arteritis (EVA), this vaccine would also be included. Once the foal is one year of age the program should be changed to an adult deworming schedule. Horses living in states directly bordering Mexico might also receive an annual booster for Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE). Pregnant mares in high-risk areas should be receive a primary series at least four to six weeks prior to foaling to ensure transfer in colostral antibodies for the foal. Spring-born calves, however, will generally have cost-effective gains from mid-summer deworming. Mary Scollay, DVM, previous chair of the Infectious Disease Committee of the American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP), urges, “I would like to reinforce that the development of an effective vaccination program requires a partnership between the veterinarian and the horse owner. Tetanus Toxoid Annual (Spring) 4-6 weeks prior to foaling. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information. While references to deworming are made in this publication, a comprehensive discussion is not included. This tool will give you a customized immunization schedule for your horse and other critical vaccination guidelines. EHV-4 causes mostly respiratory disease, whereas EHV-1 can cause respiratory disease, abortion, or neurologic disease. Walk, trot, canter and learning to jump small…. Vaccination is not a substitute for other good management practices, and should be used in conjunction with proper nutrition, deworming, pasture management and minimizing stress and overcrowding for optimal results in each horse and herd. Vaccines are only one aspect of preventing disease; it is just as important to implement good horsekeeping and biosecurity strategies (see page 31 for more information) to minimize disease risk. endobj A regular rotational worming schedule has proven to be the best defense against internal parasites in horses. This vaccine is not necessary for other adult horses. Pinworm eggs are picked up by horses from contaminated feed, water, bedding, and may also be present on tail wraps, grooming materials, and even fence posts and stalls. Deworming calves at weaning is beneficial and should be included in a weaning program. Therefore, I always recommend a booster tetanus toxoid injection in horses with wounds or with plans to undergo surgery if it has been more than six months since that horse received its last booster injection.”. WEST NILE VIRUS This disease, which causes potentially fatal neurologic illness and is endemic in the lower 48 states, is carried by birds and transmitted by mosquitoes to horses. Examples of information that should be shared include how the horse is used, whether it travels, and what other animals is it likely to come in contact with.”. Vaccinating for EVA might also preclude a horse’s entry into some countries, as it is difficult to determine natural versus vaccine titers. Don’t start flu and rhino until 6 to 9 months of age, depending on the mare’s vaccination history. Deworming schedules (in general): lDeworm foals every two months, starting at 2 months of age, for the first year of their life or use protocol for daily deworming described above. Attachment 1: Deworming and Vaccination Schedule Table 1: Deworming Schedule for Wild Horses and Burros at Short-Term Holding Facilities Treatment Adult Older Than 1 Year Foals (Born in the Current Foaling Year) DeWorming Primary Dose Every 180 days Primary Dose Every 180 days or more frequent as facility conditions dictate. There are many effective equine flu vaccines, and a horse should receive two or more boosters a year (depending on which product is used), usually in the spring and fall, following the initial series of three injections and/or intranasal (IN) administration of certain products. Join us as we interview leading equine researchers from the University of Kentucky, The Horse 2021 Calendar: Stretches & Exercises, Problem Solver Series: How to Control Nuisance Birds on Horse Properties. Scollay gives the vaccinations in two sets, 10 to 14 days apart. The exception to this is horses with very high previous, especially if recent, exposure to strangles. At a Glance: MRI to Diagnose Equine Lameness. Together we can start a schedule that will work for you and your new horse. Other vaccinations are administered one at a time. SEPT/OCT/NOV: In the autumn months preparations are under way for winter. and has a special interest in managing the care of sport horses. ROTAVIRUS In the case of the diarrheal disease rotavirus, vaccinate the mare to protect the foal, especially if there have been previous problems with this disease on the farm or in the area. Fall-born calves should be included in a spring deworming program (sometimes 2 dewormings) based on the expected time of weaning and post-weaning management. Core Vaccinations protect against diseases that are endemic to a region, are virulent/highly contagious, pose a risk of severe disease, those having potential public health significance, and/or are required by law. stream Canine Hepatitis. ACVIM, a professor of equine medicine at Washington State University, suggests, “The tetanus toxoid is inexpensive and safe, and the disease is highly fatal. I recommend IM strangles vaccine for broodmares in the last 30 to 60 days of gestation if they or their foals are at risk of exposure. Deworming should be performed on every horse 2–6 times yearly depending upon your operation’s level of confinement. %PDF-1.5 A vaccine is available for C. botulinum type B, which is particularly useful to protect foals against shaker foal syndrome that have acquired botulism through ingestion of the spores. Foals should also receive this vaccine series in high-risk areas. 2 0 obj Vaccination is recommended for all horses and ponies on an annual basis. Immune protection for pregnant mares requires vaccination with EHV-1 vaccine specifically labeled for abortion protection. The IM vaccine often causes soreness, swelling, or potential abscesses at the vaccination site. All strangles vaccines have been associated with immune-mediated reactions, such as vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels) and myositis (inflammation of muscles). AAEP VACCINATION FOR FOALS Talk to your veterinarian about which risk-based vaccines are needed for your farm and geography. Washing the perianal region may help relieve the itching, but all materials used should be discard… Whether you have one horse or several, you’ll never miss a worming again with this handy horse worming chart. Determine how your horse fares with individual vaccine products, then try to minimize future adverse reactions. Your horse should receive, at the very least, Eastern and Western equine encephalomyelitis (EEE and WEE), West Nile virus (WNV), tetanus, and rabies vaccines (first three are spread via mosquitoes).

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